Southern White Rhino
New Zealand Status: Zoo Collection
Conservation Status: n/a
Ceratotherium simum, the Southern White Rhino, is largest of the five rhinoceros species and one of the largest land animals in the world. It is slate-grey to yellowish-brown in colour and virtually hairless. The 'white' in its common name is believed to come from a mistranslation of the Afrikaner word for ‘wide’ which refers to the animal’s wide mouth that is used for grazing. There are two horns on its snout, one behind the other, which are made of solid keratin. The front horn is larger and averages 600mm in length. They have poor eyesight and rely on sound and smell to find food.
They have a massive body and large head with a short neck and broad chest. The head and body length is 3.7 to 4 metres in males and 3.4 to 3.6 metres in females. The shoulder height is 1.7 to 1.8 metres in males and 1.6 to 1.7 metres in females. The male weighs about 2,300 kg while the female weighs about 1,700 kg.
© Geografpix Photography, Steve Reader